This guide has been created for SPCH 103 students who are preparing persuasive speeches and research assignments.


When evaluating websites, remember to use the CRAAP test!  

Currency: The timeliness of the information.

* When was the information published or posted?
* Has the information been revised or updated?
 Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
* Are the links functional?

Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.

* Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
* Who is the intended audience?
* Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
* Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
* Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?

Authority: The source of the information.
* Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
* What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
* Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
* Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
* Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net

Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.
* Where does the information come from?
* Is the information supported by evidence?
* Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
* Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
* Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
* Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?

Purpose: The reason the information exists.
* What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?
* Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
* Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
* Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
* Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?

SOURCE: California State University - Chico

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